Supertasks allow you to accomplish an infinite number of tasks in a finite amount of time. Find out how these paradoxical feats get even stranger once randomness is introduced. What happens when you try to empty an urn full of infinite balls? It turns out that whether the vase is empty or full at the end of an infinite amount of time depends on what order you try to empty it in.

## Making Probability Mathematical

Throughout much of human history, people consciously and intentionally produced randomness. They frequently used dice – or dice-shaped animal bones and other random objects – to gamble, for entertainment, predict the future and communicate with deities. Despite all this engagement with controlled random processes, people didn’t really think of probability in mathematical terms prior to 1600.

## Simplicial Complexes: Part 2

Last episode we saw that your neural network can be modeled as a graph, which — we’ll show in this episode — can be viewed as a higher-dimensional simplicial complex. So… what is a simplicial complex??

## What is a Random Walk?

Random Walks are used in finance, computer science, psychology, biology and dozens of other scientific fields. They’re one of the most frequently used mathematical processes. So exactly what are Random Walks and how do they work?

## Crisis in the Foundation of Mathematics

What if the foundation that all of mathematics is built upon isn’t as firm as we thought it was?

Note: The natural numbers sometimes include zero and sometimes don’t — it depends on how you define it. Within logic, zero is always included as a natural number.