Cytoscape is an open source software platform for visualizing molecular interaction networks and biological pathways and integrating these networks with annotations, gene expression profiles and other state data. Although Cytoscape was originally designed for biological research, now it is a general platform for complex network analysis and visualization. Cytoscape core distribution provides a basic set of features for data integration, analysis, and visualization.

Sorcerous Alchemy: Creating Enchanted Crystals with Magic

When people refer to subtle energies, they tend to be referring to ethereal, ephemeral, and intangible things – things that have no concrete substance that you effectively hold in your hand. A lot of ideas about magic propose that it is facilitated by this ethereal and intangible thing. An intuitive concept of augmenting the attributes of something (enchanting it) is to take that ethereal substance, manipulate its properties, and anchor it in some way to something such that the physical object mediates ethereal properties so that it is augmented. This is effectively like painting or gilding an object. It does Read More

Abstract Algebra: Theory and Applications

The first half of the book presents group theory, through the Sylow theorems, with enough material for a semester-long course. The second-half is suitable for a second semester and presents rings, integral domains, Boolean algebras, vector spaces, and fields, concluding with Galois Theory.

Constructs Are Inside and Outside Your Head

“Psychic” objects are phenomenal objects. Phenomenal objects are ones that fit our intuitions of what we think about when we think of “mental” things. Broadly, they are things like concepts, intentionality, intuition, attention, awareness, perception, experience, consciousness, etc. A construct is anything that is an intentional arrangement of elements. This means that any thought that you intentionally think about is a construct because it is an intentional arrangement of experiences, intuitions, concepts, and other things of that nature. This implies that whenever you imagine something, you are technically creating a construct. Metaphysically, there is a question of how this construct Read More

Domains of Psychic Perception and Influence

A lot of discussions in typical communities that touch on psychic subjects use words like sensitive, aware, intuitive, etc to describe how a person is psychic. You might hear them describe the information they passively get as a range. You might even hear words such as energy fields. These archetypes also show up in media and literature Those words, phrases, and archetypes are pragmatic within the context of various paradigms – especially energy healing and energy working paradigms; however, they are not very accurate. Instead of fields of awareness, ethereal energy, and sensitivity, you have an ontological realm of knowledge Read More

The Power of Your Words: “Non-Magical” Languages Can be More Powerful than Magical Ones

I am a fan of the Dresden Files series. In the Dresden files, there is a branch of elemental battle (or Boom!) magic in the series called evocation magic. It is the creating magical bullet deflecting elemental shields of air, conjuring magical streams of fire, and telekinetic concussive blasts type. It is like the Destruction school of magic in Skyrim. Harry Dresden, the main character of the series, is particularly fond of Fire and Wind evocation spells. Evocation magic in the Dresden universe caught my attention in particular because I specialize in conjuration and evocation of forces albeit I am Read More

The Multiplication Multiverse

Multiplication of numbers is an associative property and we can make sense of “multiplication” between things that aren’t numbers but that’s not considered as associativity.

Telling Time on a Torus

What shape do you most associate with a standard analog clock? Your reflex answer might be a circle, but a more natural answer is actually a torus. Surprised? Then stick around.

Times Tables, Mandelbrot and the Heart of Mathematics

The good old times tables lead a very exciting secret life involving the infamous Mandelbrot set, the ubiquitous cardioid and a myriad of hidden beautiful patterns. Time for the Mathologer to go on a serious fact-finding mission.

The Higgs Mechanism Explained

Quantum Field Theory is generally accepted as an accurate description of the subatomic universe. However until recently this theory had one giant hole in it. The particles it describes had no mass! The Higgs field and the Higgs mechanism were proposed long ago in order to give particles mass, but it was only in 2012 that the existence of the field was proved with the discovery of the Higgs boson by the Large Hadron Collider.

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